Women’s Right to Inheritance in Jordanian Law


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Copyright © 2017 Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies

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USAID/Jordan Monitoring and Evaluation Support Program (MESP) USAID/Jordan Monitoring and Evaluation Support Program (MESP)
(Maha Bseiso)

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Tags: Human rights and social justice Study Women in development Reports Gender

Inheritance occupies an extremely high place in Islamic jurisprudence or fiqh, which jurists label as an “obligation” or “inheritance.” Its centrality in Islamic law is due to the connection of inheritance to an individual’s “obligations” in the accurate terminological sense of the word. Thus, to properly carry out inheritance is to commit to the divine order. In the Quran, it is the Surat An-Nisa, (the ‘Surah of Women,’) which clarifies inheritance provisions in detail, and is the base from which jurists build law through explanation. Juridical explanations have expanded to include a wide variety of issues, while other provisions were arrived at through the teachings and permissions of Prophet Mohammad, the sunnah, as well as through deductive analogy qiyas, and consensus ijmaa.

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