Essential Documents for Understanding the Syrian Crisis in Jordan


This collection includes essential resources from several sectors such as the Economic, Health, and Education sector that allow you to better understand the Syrian refugee crisis in Jordan.

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Access to Education for Syrian Refugee Children in Zaatari Camp, Jordan 2013

This report was published by UNICEF & REACH in 2014. The objective of the report is to better inform education partners and relevant stakeholders with their programmatic decisions, thereby ensuring resources are effectively targeted to support children in Za’atari camp to access quality education which fulfils their learning needs. The report provides a secondary data review, contextualizing the education landscape of Za’atari camp. It also outlines the methodology used to conduct this assessment, followed by a summary of key findings. Each area of focus is analyzed in-depth, including an overview of attendance and perceptions toward education for all education types, formal and informal education, and community and parental perceptions. The report concludes with an outlined list of recommendations to respond to the needs and challenges identified in the analysis of the findings.
PDF      Added February 29th, 2016 12:55

Cash-based Interventions for Health Programms in Refugee Settings 2015

This review was published by UNHCR in 2015. The purpose of this review is to explore the status of the use of cash and vouchers to achieve health outcomes as well as identifying the lessons learned and how applicable they may be for UNHCR’s public health programs. The review presents case studies using cash-based incentives for health in refugee settings, and consolidates these experiences to extract elements of good practice with conclusions and recommendations for cash-based incentives for health program design and implementation in the future.
PDF      Added February 29th, 2016 12:06

Market Assessment in AlZa’atari Refugee Camp in Jordan 2014

This report was published by REACH in 2014. It was conducted to gain a greater insight into the businesses currently operating in the market at Al Za’atari camp. It includes the methodology of conducting the Market Assessment in Alza’atari Refugee Camp in Jordan. It also presents the main findings of the assessments, including: an overview of businesses in the market; type of businesses; business operations; energy use and sources; water and sanitation; and an analysis of businesses serving food and drink – prepared, fresh and pre-packaged. The report provides a conclusion of the assessment followed by a few recommendations for further exploration of the Za’atari Camp’s market.
PDF      Added February 29th, 2016 13:02

The Fiscal Impact of the Syrian Refugee Crisis on Jordan 2014

This study was published as part of USAID/Jordan Fiscal Reform II Project (FRP II) in 2014. There have been several attempts to measure the consequences of the Syrian crisis on Jordan. The purpose of this study was to only estimate the fiscal effects of the Syrian refugees on the Jordanian budget. The broader economic and humanitarian costs were not measured. This study provides an estimate of the fiscal costs and is by no means a general “needs assessment.” The study measures both the direct and indirect costs asssociated with the crisis.
PDF      Added February 25th, 2016 14:01

Jordan Response Plan for the Syrian Crisis 2015

This document was published by the United Nations and Jordan Response Plan (JRP) in 2015. The JRP seeks to bridge the divide between resilience and humanitarian systems, and reconcile the programming objectives, funding mechanisms and operating systems that often run parallel to each other in addressing short-term people-centered needs, in addition to medium and longer-term systemic and institutional considerations. The plan presents a one-year program to consolidate all major national and international efforts to address the Syria crisis within the framework of a coordinated broad-spectrum response.
PDF      Added February 28th, 2016 11:46

Coping With The Crisis, a Review of the Response to Syrian Refugees in Jordan 2014

This assessment report, published by the Center for Strategic Studies (CSS) in 2014, intended to assess and document the response efforts to the Syrian refugees in Jordan as part of an ongoing project “Coping with Crisis”. The report identifies the types of organizations involved and the types of aid and services that have been offered by a multitude of actors, as well as the issues and gaps identified in the response to the refugees. The overall objective of the project is to examine the political, economic, social and demographic impacts on the country.
PDF      Added February 18th, 2016 13:24

Health Sector Humanitarian Response Strategy 2014-2015

The Health Sector Humanitarian Response Strategy was developed by a Health Sector Strategic Advisory group in early 2015. This document outlines the context of the humanitarian response in Jordan, particularly highlighting the Syrian refugee crisis and its implications on the national health system. As the crisis continues, there is a need to shift focus from short-term interventions to longer and more sustainable ones, expanding national capacity to respond to this, and future crises. The strategy provides an overview of the evolving humanitarian context as well as the new demands imposing on the health systems in Jordan and consequently on the Health Sector. The strategy outlines the goals, objectives, and strategic approaches to tackling the crisis sustainable in the future.
PDF      Added February 28th, 2016 13:22

Health Needs Assessment Following the Syrian Crisis 2014

This health assessment was conducted in March 2014 by Premium Urgenece Aide Medicale International (PU-AMI) to evaluate the unmet needs of Syrian refugees and vulnerable host communities in the Zarqa governorate as well as to tailor PU-AMI health interventions in Jordan. With the support of the Ministry of Health (MoH), the assessment used a combination of data collection methods to assess the needs, demands and response to the health and well-being of the refugees in order to construct a comprehensive picture of the gaps in health provisions as part of the humanitarian response. The assessment intends to inform the definition of PU-AMI health and psychosocial integrated approach in Jordan as well as support comprehensive and continuous intervention in the provision of health care through MoH primary care level facilities at the community level.
PDF      Added February 28th, 2016 13:50

UNICEF Annual Report 2013 - Jordan

This document presents the 2013 UNICEF Annual Report on Youth during a period in which the situation of children in Jordan evolved dramatically with up to 2,000 Syrian child refugees crossing daily into Jordan during the first months of the year. By the end of 2013, some 311,000 children and 265,000 adults were registered as refugees in the country. The report discusses the UNICEF Jordan Country Office (JCO) response in order to effectively provide critical emergency assistance in education; health; nutrition; child protection; and water, sanitation and hygiene. While JCO increased its human and financial support to the government, it continued to strengthen its programme work; this report addresses the challenges and achievements by component results and intermediate results throughout the year.
PDF      Added February 29th, 2016 10:44

Child Labor in Jordan 2012

This is a publication of the findings on the worst forms of child labor in Jordan by the United States Department of Labor’s Bureau of International Affairs in 2012. It addresses the prevalence, laws and regulations, institutional mechanisms, governmental policies, and social programs designed to eliminate or prevent child labor in Jordan. The publication concludes with several recommended actions designed to advance the elimination of the worst forms of child labor in the kingdom.
PDF      Added February 25th, 2016 11:39

Understanding Social Cohesion and Resilience in Jordan Host Communities 2014

This assessment report was published by REACH in 2014. It was designed to create a better understanding of the key dynamics that have emerged in Jordanian host communities as a result of the Syrian refugee crisis, and to support an evidence-based approach to prioritizing interventions within and between communities. This report begins by illustrating the methodology of the assessment and then moves to list and discuss findings in several sectors such as Education, Social Cohesion, and Employment and Livelihood. The report concludes with recommendations to achieve a better cohesion and resilience in Jordan host community.
PDF      Added February 25th, 2016 11:48

From Crisis to Resilience 2015

This article was written by Edward Kallon and published by the United Nations on their Silo Fighters, UN Development Group's Blog in 2015. It talks about the Syrian Crisis from when the focus was “on life saving humanitarian assistance to a time when assistance to refugees and host communities must be equally prioritized. It also discusses the programs and resilience plans applied by the United Nation to address the Syrian Crisis in Jordan.
PDF      Added February 25th, 2016 11:50

National Resilience Plan 2014-2016

The National Resilience Plan (NRP) 2014-2016 drafted in cooperation with donor bodies, UN and NGOs, seeks to address the accumulating fiscal burden as a result of the Syrian crisis. The plan provides a three year program of high priority investments by the Government of Jordan in response to the impact of the crisis on Jordanian host communities and the Jordanian economy. The plan includes a request to extend $4.295 billion to Jordan to support the implementation of priority projects in the education, health, energy, municipalities, water, housing and security sectors.
PDF      Added February 25th, 2016 12:31

Social Cohesion Report Between Syrian Refugees and Urban Host Communities in Lebanon and Jordan 2015

This Literature review was published by the World Vision in 2015. It discusses the problem of rising social tensions between Syrian refugees and urban host communities in Lebanon and Jordan. The review explores why the investigation into the causes and consequences of these tensions is integral for humanitarian and development programming in the region. Included is an analysis of key studies on social cohesion and social tensions in the region, and an evaluation of existing approaches to social cohesion and its variants in regional, national and organizational strategic frameworks.
PDF      Added February 25th, 2016 12:33

UNICEF Jordan- Early Marriage Study-2014

This report, published by UNICEF in 2014, presents the findings of a quantitative and qualitative examination of the phenomenon of early marriage in Jordan. This study provides invaluable insight into attitudes and practices of child marriage among Jordanians, as well as Palestinians and Syrians currently living in Jordan by utilizing data and reports collected from 2005 through 2013. The practice of early marriage shows no sign of abating in Jordan, this study establishes a crucial baseline against which efforts to eliminate the practice can be measured at a later date.
PDF      Added February 24th, 2016 13:36

Non-food Items (NFI) Beneficiary Preferences Assessment Report 2014

This report was published by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) in 2014. It presents methodology and findings of the Non-food items (NFI) beneficiary preferences survey that was conducted in al Zaatari Camp by NRC staff. The survey sought to establish beneficiary preferences on delivery modalities for NFIs, and to understand beneficiary perceptions of and concerns about the various shopping options available to them in the camp.
Other      Added February 29th, 2016 13:20

‘Paper Plus’ Cash Voucher Programming in Camps in Jordan 2015

This survey was conducted by the Jordan Refugee Response in 2015. The purpose of this survey was to solicit feedback on the current performance of sector coordination. This document presents the purpose and methodology of the survey. It also details the result of each question included in the survey.
PDF      Added February 29th, 2016 13:25

Sector Performance Survey 2015

In September - October 2017, the Jordan Refugee Response sectors conducted an anonymous on-line survey for the sector members. The purpose of this survey was to get feedback on the current performance of sector coordination. This follows a similar format to sector surveys conducted in August 2016, September 2015, June 2014, and August 2013.
PDF      Added February 29th, 2016 13:28

Five Years Into Exile Summary Report 2015

This report was published by Care International in Jordan in 2015. It is based on data collected from January 27 to March 1, 2015 in interviews with 1,300 families and focus group discussions with Syrian and Jordanian women, men, youth, and other stakeholders. The report outlines the main findings of CARE’s assessment report, Five Years into Exile: The challenges faced by Syrian refugees outside camps in Jordan and how they and their host communities are coping.
PDF      Added February 29th, 2016 13:31

Water Reuse Plan for the Al-Za’atari Refugee Camp 2014

This report was published by USAID in 2015 as part of the Water Reuse and Environmental Conservation (WREC) Project. It analyzes and identifies options for water reuse and disposal for the Al-Za’atari Refugees Camp in ways that meet government requirements, comply with applicable laws in Jordan, and conform to international best practices. The options in this report compliment and support Jordan’s broad, Kingdom-wide strategy to encourage beneficial reuse of wastewater, with the ultimate goal of protecting the environment and conserving fresh water sources.
PDF      Added February 29th, 2016 13:35

Za’atari Syrian Refugee Camp Safety Perceptions Survey 2015

This presentation outlines the findings of the Safety Perceptions surveys conducted at al Za'atari Syrian Refugee Camp and makes recommendations for policing in the coming months. The report was published by the British Embassy, SIREN Associates and Policing Support Team in 2015. The purpose of the survey was to measure the perceived level of safety amongst residents in the camp before and after the intervention and to estimate the impact of community police on safety. This report discusses the findings from the Baseline survey in 2013; Community Policing introduced survey in 2013, Formal opening of Community Police Station survey in 2015, and the Follow-up survey conducted in March 2015.
PDF      Added February 29th, 2016 13:41

Needs Assessment Review of the Impact of the Syrian Crisis on Jordan 2013

This report was published by the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation and the United Nations in 2013. This “Needs Assessment Review” report aims to provide a resilience-based reading of the impact of the Syrian crisis in Jordan. It undertakes an in-depth analysis of the pre-crisis and present status of major sectors and subsectors, including health, education, livelihood, municipal services and water. It goes on to identify possible options to support the Government of Jordan to efficiently, effectively and sustainably steer and manage its response to the crisis. This report is a first step in assisting the Government's formulation of the National Resilience Plan as a 3 year investment plan for resilience-based interventions in host communities.
Other      Added February 29th, 2016 13:53

Impact of Syrian Refugees on the Jordanian Labour Market 2015

This report was published by International Labour Organization & Fafo in 2015. It presents the main findings of a household survey conducted in the Jordanian governorates of Amman, Irbid and Mafraq between February and March 2014, aimed at assessing the implications of the large influx of Syrian Refugees into the labour market in the three geographical areas. The results are based on information gathered on the current labour market situation, as well as some of the changes that have occurred since the beginning of the Syrian Refugee influx into Jordan in March 2011.
PDF      Added February 29th, 2016 14:00

The Impact of the Syrian Refugee Crisis on the Labour Market in Jordan: A Preliminary Analysis 2014

This report was published by International Labour Organization in 2014. This report was produced as a more detailed follow-up to the assessment conducted by the United Nations in November 2013 on the effects of the influx of Syrian refugees in Jordan. In the absence of comprehensive data, this report attempts to provide a picture of the impact of the Syrian refugee crisis on the Jordanian labour market, with a particular focus on the livelihoods and employability in the four governorates of Amman, Mafraq, Irbid, and Zarqa. It is based on existing data from national sources such as Jordan’s Department of Statistics, the UNHCR and international NGOs’ various assessments and surveys. An analysis of these secondary sources aims to provide an intermediate understanding of the situation until the results of a larger survey, which the ILO is currently undertaking with the Department of Statistics (DOS), is available.
PDF      Added February 29th, 2016 14:02

The ILO Response to the Syrian Refugee Crisis 2016

This document was published by the International Labour Organization in 2016. It provides an overview of the appeals and programme outlines for Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and Egypt – all of which encapsulate the ILO’s response to the Syrian refugee crisis.
Other      Added February 29th, 2016 14:06

Jordan Fiscal Environment Assessment 2014

This report was published by USAID in 2014. It provides a brief overview of each of the following primary focal area: public financial management, taxation, customs and trade facilitation, and the energy sector along with select recommendations. It also includes a comprehensive list of recommendations accompanied by further details on expected impact. The report concludes recommendations based on a list of assumptions on public financial management and potential partners.
PDF      Added February 28th, 2016 11:56

Tapped Out - Water scarcity and refugee pressures in Jordan - 2014 - Mercy Corps

The Tapped out Water report, produced by Mercy Corps in 2014 discusses the challenges of water scarcity in Jordan. Mercy Corps has been working in Jordan’s water sector since 2006, and based on experience, this report recommends future efforts stand on three pillars: investing in long term development, bridging the governance gap, and addressing conflict and conservation.
PDF      Added December 28th, 2015 07:56

Jordan Alza'atari Camp - Water Flow Direction for Flood Risk Analysis 2015

This map was published by UNHCR in 2015. It "assesses areas prone to flood risk as of October 2015 based on elevation and water flow direction, in addition to observations from previous winter flooding in Zaatari refugee camp. This map will be used by camp actors to guide movement and the delivery of services around the camp during and after storms."
Other      Added March 6th, 2016 08:15

Baseline Assessment of Skills & Market Opportunities for Youth in Azraq Refugee Camp in Jordan 2015

This report was published by CARE International in 2015. It presents the results of a study commissioned by the organization in Jordan to understand the skill supply and assess livelihood opportunities for youth in Azraq Refugee Camp. The objective of the study is in preparing for the opening of two market places and providing recommendations for skill and livelihood development programs in the camp.
PDF      Added April 14th, 2016 10:52

The Syrian Refugees in Jordan: Turning Challenges into Opportunities

The negative impacts of the Syrian refugee influx on Jordan's infrastructure and economy have been well established. Despite this, it is possible to view the challenges faced as an opportunity to enhance the Jordanian economy and enrich the community and the cultural diversity in the Kingdom. The report discusses how this can be achieved via making use of what the Syrian refugees have to offer of cultural and professional skills and how we can employ this knowledge to benefit all parties.
PDF      Added July 30th, 2017 10:14

JORDAN RESPONSE PLAN for the Syria Crisis 2016-2018

Five years into the crisis the prospects for a prompt return of the millions of Syrian refugees to their home country are remote. Even in the unlikely event of a solution to the crisis, it will take more than a decade for the country to rebuild. While some Syrian refugees will return and others may attempt to relocate to third-countries, the majority are expected to remain till the end of the crisis in those countries neighboring Syria that have generously sheltered them for the past five years. For host nations, the magnitude and longevity of the crisis will likely translate into mounting costs and ever-increasing challenges to the social, economic and political fabric of the country. Jordan is host to about 1.4 million Syrians1 , including around 630,000 refugees 2. While some 83 per cent of all refugees have settled in host communities, particularly in the urban area of Amman and the northern governorates of Jordan, the remaining are hosted in refugee camps. In providing for their needs, Jordan has received support from the international community. Funding, however, has not been proportionate to meet all response requirements, and whereas needs are increasing in some sectors, trends in contributions for 2015 suggest that overall international support has not kept pace with the needs. By November 2015, roughly US$1.07 billion had been committed to the JRP2015, which corresponds to 36 per cent of the funding requirements.3 Meanwhile, refugee communities are becoming increasingly vulnerable. Although refugee inflows can present opportunities for important transformations, funding shortfalls have contributed to increased pressure on national services and infrastructure thereby affecting Jordan’s resilience. Overcrowded health centers and schools, overstretched water, sanitation and municipal services, as well as pressures on the environment, labor and housing markets have left Jordanians feeling increasingly disenfranchised and neglected. Slower-than-foretasted macroeconomic performance and pressure on public spending continues to limit Jordan’s ability to invest in development, ultimately eroding the country’s capacity to maintain its developmental gains and deal with future challenges.
PDF      Added January 25th, 2017 09:05

The Socio-Economic impact of Syrian Refugees - Turning Challenges into Opportunities

This report aims to shed light on the socio-economic impacts caused by the Syrian Crisis on the kingdom of Jordan.
PDF      Added July 30th, 2017 10:32

KAP Syrians

JCAP conducted an in-depth, population-based survey to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of married women of reproductive age (MWRA) across northern, central and southern Jordan. The KAP survey documented their fertility choices and family planning and also assessed social and cultural norms and behavioral determinants related to gender roles, empowerment, decision-making and sources of family planning information. The survey covered a sample of 4,076 MWRA including 3,288 Jordanian women living in sixteen districts. In addition, the survey included 788 Syrian women from four of the districts with large Syrian populations to generate a broadly representative sample of Syrian MWRA. Since it was a purposive sample, Syrian women in this study should not be considered as fully representative of Syrian women in the three regions or in the nation as a whole.
PDF      Added September 18th, 2016 12:28

Family Planning and Reproductive Health among Syrian Married Women of Reproductive Age

Technical brief on JCAP's research on FP/RH among Syrian MWRA refugees in Jordan. The brief summarizes JCAP's population-based survey on knowledge, attitudes of Syrian MWRA in Jordan and the literature review of recent documents on the FP/RH status of Syrian refugees living outside camps, including child marriage and other aspects of gender-based violence. (Both JCAP studies are available on the Rep Cap database. “Family Planning among Syrian Refugees in Jordan” and the “Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices toward FP/RH among Syrian MWRA").
PDF      Added September 19th, 2016 07:02

The Indirect Impacts of the Syrian Crisis on Jordan’s Economy: A Quantitative and Qualitative Approach

The Indirect Impacts of the Syrian Crisis on Jordan’s Economy: A Quantitative and Qualitative Approach
PDF      Added October 5th, 2016 13:44


This study presents a first-stage rapid assessment of the potential (and where figures are available, actual) impact on the environment in Jordan of the influx of Syrian refugees fleeing the ongoing crisis in Syria since 2011. The study addresses five priorities: (i) water quantity and quality (ii) soil degradation and rangelands (iii)biodiversity and ecosystem services (iv) air pollution (v) hazardous waste and medical waste. This study is intended to inform a future comprehensive environmental assessment and definition of offset programmes to minimize the cost of ecosystem degradation brought about by impact of additional population numbers on Jordan’s already challenged natural resource base. The rapid assessment has been developed through the review and synthesis of existing literature, including national state of the environment reports and national environmental strategies and action plans. It has followed the DriverPressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework methodology, which was developed to describe the relationships and interactions between society and the environment. The DPSIR approach is based on causality in which human activities cause a change in the environment, which in turn stimulates a management response, typically a policy.
PDF      Added January 25th, 2017 11:00

Jordan’s Refugee Crisis - Paper - 2015 - ALEXANDRA FRANCIS

This report was published by Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in 2015. It provides a historical background on Jordan. It mainly discusses the effect of the Syrian Refugee Crisis on the Kingdom from various aspects such as economics, water and governance. It also includes the Jordanian and humanitarian policy responses. The report also addresses the impact of restrictions and shortages in international aid.
PDF      Added December 30th, 2015 09:52